Chloroplast/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Chloroplast.
See also changes related to Chloroplast, or pages that link to Chloroplast or to this page or whose text contains "Chloroplast".

(CC) Photo: Kristian Peters
A collection of links to articles, or potential articles about the biochemical, cellular and physiological topics relating to chloroplasts.
Tasks include:
1) write a definition for each topic.
2) start a new article (click a red link).
3) expand an existing stub or article.

Parent topics

  • Cell [r]: The basic unit of life, consisting of biochemical networks enclosed by a membrane. [e]
  • Cell biology [r]: The study of the components of biological cells and their interactions. [e]
  • Leaf [r]: Please do not use this term in your topic list, because there is no single article for it. Please substitute a more precise term. See Leaf (disambiguation) for a list of available, more precise, topics. Please add a new usage if needed.
  • Metabolism [r]: The modification of chemical substances by living organisms. [e]
  • Organelle [r]: Specialized subunit within a cell that has a specific function, and is usually separately enclosed within its own lipid membrane, found in all eukaryotic cells. [e]
  • Plastid [r]: Add brief definition or description


  • Light-independent reactions [r]: Add brief definition or description
    • Calvin cycle [r]: A metabolic cycle, discovered by Melvin Calvin, that is responsible for the reduction of carbon dioxide to sugar in the stroma of chloroplasts. [e]
    • C4 carbon fixation [r]: A carbon fixation reaction that fixes carbon dioxide into the four carbon molecule oxaloacetate; usually found in the mesophyll cells of plants that use the Hatch-Slack pathway. [e]
    • Crassulacean acid metabolism [r]: (CAM) Typical in succulent plants and characterised by the ability to fix carbon dioxide to malate in the dark; this is then stored in the vacuole as malic acid until the following light period when it is converted to carbon dioxide for fixation by the Calvin cycle. [e]
    • Photorespiration [r]: A salvage pathway utilised to remove the products of Rubisco's oxygenase activity during photosynthesis; involves reactions in three organelles, the chloroplast, the peroxisome and the mitochondria. [e]
    • RuBisCO [r]: The enzyme Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase; the most abundant protein on earth and required for the first step of the Calvin cycle to reduce carbon dioxide during carbon fixation. [e]

Other related topics