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An obsolete surface-to-air missile (SAM) system, the MIM-23 HAWK, originally for engaging medium altitude aircraft, can engage low and medium altitude targets. While a newer missile, to some extent it complemented the MIM-14 Nike Hercules, which had a higher altitude capability.

For the medium altitude mission, it has been replaced by the MIM-104 Patriot in United States Army service by 1994. Several systems have replaced in the low-altitude role, including the man-portable air defense system (MANPADS) FIM-92 Stinger. Another option is the vehicle-mounted Avenger system that carries 8 Stingers.

The Norwegian ground-launched version of the AIM-120 AMRAAM Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile uses a modified HAWK ground launcher. HAWK can also be upgraded to use the AN/MPQ-64 Sentinel radar used with the Forward Area Air Defense network, which also can cue FIM-92 Stinger vehicle-mounted SAMs.