Difference between revisions of "Abolla"

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The '''abolla''' ([[Latin]] form of ἀμβόλλα, i.e. ἀναβολή) was a garment worn by [[Ancient Greece|Ancient Greeks]] and [[Ancient Rome|Romans]]. [[Nonius Marcellus]] quotes a passage of [[Marcus Terentius Varro|Varro]] to show that it was a garment worn by soldiers (''vestis militaris''), and thus opposed to the [[toga]]. Its form and mode of wearing can be seen in [[bas-relief]]s on the [[Arch of Septimius Severus]] in [[Rome]].


 
This garment was not confined to military occasions, but was also worn in the city. It was especially used by the Stoic philosophers at Rome as the ''pallium philosophicum'', just as the Greek philosophers were accustomed to distinguish themselves by a particular dress. Hence the expression of Juvenal (iv.76) and Martialis (iv.53.8.48), ''facinus majoris abollae'' merely signifies "a crime committed by a very deep stoic" (iii, 115-116).  
'''Abolla''' was a garment worn by [[Ancient Greece|Ancient Greeks]] and [[Ancient Rome|Romans]]. [[Nonius Marcellus]] quotes a passage of [[Marcus Terentius Varro|Varro]] to show that it was a garment worn by soldiers (''vestis militaris''), and thus opposed to the [[toga]]. Its form and the mode of wearing it are seen in the figures annexed, taken from the [[bas-relief]]s on the [[Arch of Septimius Severus]] at [[Rome]].
 
It was, however, not confined to military occasions, but was also worn in the city. It was especially used by the Stoic philosophers at Rome as the ''pallium philosophicum'', just as the Greek philosophers were accustomed to distinguish themselves by a particular dress. Hence the expression of Juvenal (iv.75) ''facinus majoris abollae'' merely signifies, "a crime committed by a very deep philosopher."
The term is the [[Latin]] form of ''{{polytonic|ἀμβόλλα}}'', i.e. ''{{polytonic|ἀναβολή}}''.


==Source==
==Source==
*[http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Abolla.html Abolla] (article in Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities)
*[http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Abolla.html Abolla] (article in Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities)
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The abolla (Latin form of ἀμβόλλα, i.e. ἀναβολή) was a garment worn by Ancient Greeks and Romans. Nonius Marcellus quotes a passage of Varro to show that it was a garment worn by soldiers (vestis militaris), and thus opposed to the toga. Its form and mode of wearing can be seen in bas-reliefs on the Arch of Septimius Severus in Rome.

This garment was not confined to military occasions, but was also worn in the city. It was especially used by the Stoic philosophers at Rome as the pallium philosophicum, just as the Greek philosophers were accustomed to distinguish themselves by a particular dress. Hence the expression of Juvenal (iv.76) and Martialis (iv.53.8.48), facinus majoris abollae merely signifies "a crime committed by a very deep stoic" (iii, 115-116).

Source

  • Abolla (article in Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities)